DRIVER EDUCATION

 

STUDENT LEARNING PLAN #5

 

BASIC MANEUVERS

 

Certain skills and abilities need to be developed into fixed habits before a driver can put a car in traffic with any degree of safety.  In this lesson you will have the chance to develop good habits and skills of preparing, starting, stopping, and moving your car forward and backward along certain pathways.

 

            The basic maneuvers everyone must do are entering and leaving traffic, right and left turns, lane changes and turning the car around.  There are other manuevers that a driver must know.  If you learn these well, you will become a better driver.

 

 

Illinois Office of Education

Demonstration Center Project

June, 1975


MAIN IDEA

To get from one point to another safely, a driver must do basic maneuvers.

 

SUPPORTING IDEAS

1.      Entering and leaving traffic are basic maneuvers that must be done.

 

2.      Turning from one roadway onto an intersecting roadway is a basic maneuver that a driver must perform.

 

3.      Lane changing on multi-lane roadways is a basic maneuver that has to be performed.

 

4.      Turning the car around is a basic maneuver that must be performed.

 

LESSON #1—BASIC MANEUVER

 

LESSON IDEA

Entering and leaving traffic are basic maneuvers that must be done.

 

LESSON OBJECTIVES

1.      Without slowing down other traffic you can use the proper procedure to:

  1. Enter traffic from a parked position along the roadway.
  2. Leave traffic to a parked position along the roadway.

 

LEARNING ACTIVITIES

1.                  Read and discuss with your classmates and/or teacher: “Eye Habits for Car Control.”

2.                  List in order the correct way to enter and leave traffic.  (Give safe, legal, and efficient reasons why).

 

Determine and diagram how much time and space will be required for each of these maneuvers.  Illustrate the “gap” in traffic (amount of time in second between cars) you will need to perform these maneuvers.

 

3.                  As a driver practice these maneuvers.  Your teacher will supervise. As an observer use the maneuver check sheet to aid the driver while these maneuvers are practiced.  Then use it to record progress as the driver attempts to perform the maneuver on his or her own.

 

4.                  During class or as you walk down the halls, simulate the maneuvers. Picture in your mind’s eye sitting behind the wheel performing these maneuvers step by step.

 

5.                  Practice estimating traffic “gap” times. On your own or with a friend go to an intersection to practice estimating the gap needed for the following:

 

A.                when crossing the flow of traffic

B.                 when entering from a stopped position (this includes turns).

 

As you see a car approach, wait until the last second at which you think you would be able to safely pull out in front of the car.  Then, if you are planning a right turn, start counting one thousand one, one thousand two, and so on. If the car reaches you on or after the eight seconds, you allowed enough space.  That’s great, keep practicing until you can do it correctly every time.

 

LESSON #2—BASIC MANEUVERS

 

LESSON IDEA

Turning from one roadway onto an intersecting roadway is a basic maneuver that a driver must perform.

 

LESSON OBJECTIVES

            Following the proper steps and legal moves can:

 

A.                Do right turns at different types of intersections for all the possible traffic situations.

 

B.                 Do left turns at various types of intersections for all the possible traffic situations.

 

LEARNING ACTIVITIES

1.                  Read and discuss with your classmates and/or teacher:

 

A.                “Automobile Control and Performance Capabilities” p. 6-12.

 

B.                 Rules of the Road, pp. 21, 27, and 34.

 

C.                “Eye Habits for Car Control, “ pp. 6-7.

 

D.                Text references assigned by your teacher.

 

E.                 Review basic skills for car control.

 

F.                 Memorize procedures for maneuvers.

 

2.                  List in order the correct steps for making right and left turns.  (Give safe, efficient and legal reasons).

 

3.                  On the street diagrams provided by your teacher, trace with a pencil the paths you would follow for completing the turn as labeled.  Identify the gap time you need for each turn.

 

View films on how to perform these maneuvers, paying attention to the visual habits used in each maneuver.  Discuss with your classmates and teacher how to develop good visual habits; watch your teacher of classmate demonstrate the maneuvers.

 

4.                  Practice performing these maneuvers with your teacher.  As an observer use the maneuver checksheet to aid the driver in self-evaluation of his/her turning performance.  Use a timing device to obtain times so you can fill out vehicle capabilities lab activity “Time to Accelerate—To Turn.”

 

LESSON #3 – BASIC MANEUVERS

 

LESSON IDEA

            Lane changing on multi-lane roadways is a basic maneuver that has to be done.

 

LESSON OBJECTIVE

Without obstructing the flow of traffic, you will do the lane change maneuver according to the proper steps.

 

LEARNING ACTIVITIES

1.                  Read and discuss how to apply the readings when performing the maneuvers.  Discuss this with you classmates or teacher.

 

A.                “Automobile Control and Performance Capabilities,” p. 10. View overhead transparency 3. Ln.

 

B.                 “Eye Habits for Car Control, “ pp. 1-7.

 

C.                Rules of the Road, pp. 25-26.

 

D.                Text references assigned by your teacher.

 

E.                 Memorize procedure for lane changing.

 

2.                  List in order the correct steps for making a lane change.  In writing, give the safe, efficient, and legal reasons.

 

View films on how to perform these maneuvers, teacher or classmate demonstrations, or overhead transparencies.  As a driver practice the lane change maneuvers (right and left) while being supervised by your teacher.  As an observer use the procedure sheet to aid the driver in self-evaluation of his or her ability to perform lane changes.  Record his or her progress as he or she attempts the maneuver without any help.

 

LESSON #4 – BASIC MANEUVERS

 

LESSON IDEA

            Turning the car around is a basic maneuver that must be done.

 

LESSON OBJECTIVES

            Without blocking traffic you can follow the proper procedures perform:

           

A.                Driveway (or alley) turnabouts.

 

B.                 3 point turnabouts.

 

C.                U-turns.

 

LEARNING ACTIVITIES

1.                  Read and discuss how to apply the information obtained to the maneuvers from the following:

 

A.                Automobile Control and Performance Capabilities, pp. 4.12.

 

B.                 Eye Habits for Car Control, pp. 1-7.

 

C.                Rules of the Road, pp. 27-30

 

D.                Memorize the procedures for these maneuvers.

 

E.                 Text references assigned by your teacher.

 

2.                  List in order the correct steps for these maneuvers.  In writing give the safe, efficient, and legal reasons.

 

3.                  Watch your teacher or classmate demonstrate each maneuver.  Watch a film illustrating each maneuver.  Study a diagram of each maneuver.

 

As a driver practice each of these maneuvers until you can do them without assistance or error.  As an observer, use the procedure sheet to aid the driver in self evaluation of his or her ability to perfrom a lane change. Record driver’s performance as he or she attempts to do maneuvers without help.

 

GUIDES FOR BASIC MANEUVERS

 

            In order to travel on the HTS, you must learn how to do some basic maneuvers (movements) safely.  A maneuver is a series of planned and skillfully done driver actions that change the position of the vehicle.  These driver actions take both mental and physical skills.  Here are four questions to think about.

 

1.                  “Can I legally perform the maneuver?”  There are laws that apply to each maneuver.

 

2.                  “What visual habits do I need to do these maneuvers?”  You will find that there are three visual habits you should have.  Picture where, when, and how to use your eyes and mind while doing maneuvers.

 

3.                  “How much space and time do I need to be able to complete each maneuver?”  The amount of space needed depends on the width of the vehicle, the speed it is traveling, and the maneuver.  A certain amount of time is needed for finishing a maneuver and for the vehicle to perform the action.

 

4.                  “What basic control skills and habits do I need to do these maneuvers?”  You will find these skills are needed for steering and for braking and accelerating your car.  When and how much skill to use for a maneuver will differ in each case.  With practice you should develop a set of “feels which will help you make the right moves.

 

For each maneuver a set of actions will be done in a certain order.  If these actions are done correctly, the results will be good.  As you practice, you will notice that actions, such as eye movements, have to become habit.  Other actions, such as signaling, will be done only once during the maneuver.  Some of the steps will be done while you are doing others.

 

            To become skilled at anything takes a lot of practice.  But practice is much better if you first understand what you will be doing.  It will help you find and correct your own errors.

WHAT LAWS APPLY?

 

WHAT VISUAL HABITS DO I NEED?

 

HOW MUCH SPACE SND TIME DO I NEED?

 

WHAT CONTROL SKILLS DO I NEED?

 

ENTER TRAFFIC MANEUVER

1.      Prepare to move car forward

2.      Signal

3.      Select a gap in traffic.  You should:

  1. Scan the area
  2. Check traffic forward
  3. Check traffic behind

REMEMBER

TO ENTER TRAFFIC IN RESIDENTIAL AND BUSINESS AREAS SAFELY YOU NEED AN 8-SECOND GAP TO THE REAR AND A CLEAR PATH AHEAD.

 

TO ENTER TRAFFIC IN RURAL AND CONTROLLED ACCESS AREAS SAFELY YOU NEED A 15-SECOND GAP TO THE REAR AND CLEAR PATH AHEAD.

 

4.      Visualize you path SIGHT DOWN ITS CENTER

5.      Move into your path

  1. cENTER STEER
  2. 1/8 TO LEFT
  3. CENTER STEER
  4. CENTER STEER
  5. 1/8 TO RIGHT
  6. CENTER STEER

 

rEMEMBER

aIM HIGH AND AHEAD, 12 SECONDS UP THE ROAD

 

SIGHT DOWN the CENTER OF YOUR INTENDED PATH.

 

FOR THIS MANEUVER YOU WILL USE SLIGHT STEERING MOVEMENTS.  yOUR HANDS WILL NOT NEED TO LEAVE THE STEERING WHEEL.

 

USE SMOOTH ACCELERATION AS YOU STEER YOUR CAR TOWARDS THE PATH.

 

WHEN YOU POSITION YOUR CAR IN THE LANE CANCEL YOUR SIGNAL AND CHECK TRAFFIC.

 

TO LEAVE TRAFFIC YOU MUST FIRST

SELECT A PLACE TO PARK

 

FIND OUT IF YOU CAN

WHAT LAWS APPLY TO PARKING?

 

STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING IS PROHIBITED:

1.      ON THE STREET SIDE OF ANY PARKED VEHICLE.

2.      ON A SIDEWALK.

3.      WITHIN AN INTERSECTION.

4.      ON A CROSSWALK.

5.      BETWEEN A SAFETY ZONE AND THE ADJACENT PARALLEL CURB.

6.      NEAR CONSTRUCTION AREA WHERE PARKING WOULD OBSTRUCT TRAFFIC FLOW.

7.      UPON A BRIDGE OR OVERPASS, OR WITHIN A TUNNEL, UNDERPASS OR SUBWAY.

8.      ON ANY RAILROAD TRACKS.

9.      AT ANY PLACE MARKED BY A NO-PARKING SIGN.

 

STANDING OR PARKING A VEHICLE, WHETHER OCCUPIED OR NOT (EXCEPT MOMENTARILY TO PICK UP OR DROP OFF PASSENGERS) IS PROHIBITED:

 

1.      IN FRONT OF PUBLIC OR PRIVATE DRIVEWAY.

2.      WITHIN 4.6 METERS (15 FT) OF A FIRE HYDRANT.

3.      WITHIN 6.1 METERS (20 FT) OF CROSSWALK AT AN INTERSECTION.

4.      WITHIN 9.1 METERS (30 FT) OF A STOP SIGN, YIELD SIGN OR TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL.

5.      WITHIN 6.1 METERS (20 FT) OF A FIRE STATION DRIVEWAY.

6.      WITHIN 15.2 METERS (50 FT) OF THE NEAREST RAIL OF A RAILROAD CROSSING.

 

When you plan to leave traffic and you are looking for a place to park ask yourself this question, “Is the spot I have selected a proper place to park?”  If you answer this question no, look for another place.  If you answer this question yes, you are ready to continue with the leaving traffic maneuver.

 

YOUR NEXT ACTION IS TO SIGNAL

 

THIRD, YOU NEED TO CHECK TRAFFIC

check forward

check backward

check blindspot

 

FOURTH, VISUALIZE YOUR INTENDED PATH AND SIGHT DOWN ITS CENTER

 

FIFTH, MOVE INTO YOUR INTENDED PATH

 

If you sight down the center of your hood and the hood ornament and curb appear to line up and touch you are probably 15-30 cm (6-12 in) from the curb.

 

REMEMBER

WHEN YOU STOP NEAR THE CURM PERFORM THE SECURING CAR PRECEDURE.  BEFORE GETTING OUT ON TH STREET SIDE ALWAYS LOOK FOR TRAFFIC.

 

TURNING MANEUVERS

 

WHENEVER YOU PLAN TO TURN FIND OUT IF YOU CAN—

 

THINK OF SOME OTHER TRAFFIC CONTROLS FOR TURNING?

 

TURN FROM THE PROPER LANE

 

TURN INTO THE PROPER LANE

 

REMEMBER

SIGNAL YOUR TURN IN ADVANCE

            30.5m (100 FT) IN BUSINESS AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS

            61m (200 FT) IN RURAL AND CONTROLLED ACCESS AREAS

 

IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO FLASH TURN SIGNALS AS A COURTESY OR DO-PASS SIGNAL TO OTHER DRIVERS TO THE REAR.

 

VISUAL HABITS FOR TURNING

 

-FOR ANY TURN YOU NEED TO SCAN THE INTERSECTION.

 

-LOOK AHEAD, LEFT, RIGHT, AND BEHIND

 

-VISUALIZE YOUR INTENDED PATH

 

-LOOK OUT YOUR LEFT SIDE WINDOW

 

-LOOK FOR ONCOMING VEHICLES, ONGOING VEHICLES, FOLLOWING VEHICLES, INTERSECTING VEHICLES, ENTERING VEHICLES OR PEDESTRIANS

 

-SIGHT DOWN ITS CENTER

 

-LOOK OUT OF THE RIGHT END OF YOUR WINDSHIELD

 

REMEMBER

SCANNING IS THE ABILITY TO SURVEY THE TRAFFIC SCENE IN A VERY SHORT TIME.

 

BE SURE TO SEE WHAT IS IN YOUR FORWARD BLINDSPOT.

 

AS YOU TURN THROUGH YOUR TURN AIM HIGH AHEAD TOWARD THE PATH YOU INTEND TO FOLLOW.  DOING THIS WILL HELP YOU RECOVER.

 

TO TURN SAFELY YOU SHOULD ALLOW YOURSELF ENOUGH SPACE

 

-YOU NEED TO VARY YOUR POSITION BECAUSE YOUR REAR WHEELS FOLLOW A PATH INSIDE THAT FOLLOWED BY YOUR FRONT WHEELS.

 

-FOR ROUNDED CURBS POSITION YOUR CAR ½ ITS WIDTH FROM THE CURB OR THE EDGE OF THE ROADWAY (ABOUT 2-3 FEET).

-FOR SHARP CURBS YOUR POSITION NEEDS TO CHANGE OR YOU MIGHT MAKE THE SAME MISTAKE AS THE DRIVER IN CAR A.

 

-FOR SHARP CURBS POSITION YOUR CAR ALMOST ONE OF ITS WIDTHS FROM THE CURB.

 

REMEMBER

FIND OUT THE SHAPE OF THE CURB.  THIS INFORMATION WILL TELL YOU WHERE TO POSITION YOUR CAR IN THE LANE.

 

THE SHARPER THE TURN THE MORE THE REAR WHEELS WILL TRACK INSIDE THE FRONT WHEELS AND THE WIDER THE PATHE YOU WILL NEED.

 

THE WIDER THE PATH, THE FURTHER OUT FROM THE CURB YOU WILL NEED TO POSITION YOUR CAR TO PREVENT HITTING THE CURB OR ANYTHING ON IT.

 

THE OVERHANG FOLLOWS A PATH FURTHER INSIDE THAN THE REAR WHEELS.

 

FOR LEFT TURNS POSITION YOUR CAR INTO THE FURTHEST LANE TO THE LEFT WHICH IS LAWFULLY OPEN TO TRAFFIC GOING IN YOUR DIRECTION.

 


TURN INTO THE FLOW OF TRAFFIC WITHOUT SLOWING ANYONE IN THE

 

FLOW TO DO THIS ESTIMATE THE GAP

 

 

THE GAP IN THIS INSTANCE

           

IS THE DISTANCE BETWEEN YOUR

 

CAR AND AN INTERSECTING

 

VEHICLE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                        HOW MUCH GAP IS ENOUGH?

 

 

FOR BOTH RIGHT AND LEFT TURNS FOR A SITUATION AS IN THE DIAGRAM AN EIGHT SECOND GAP IS NEEDED.  CAN YOU THINK OF OTHER SITUATIONS IN WHICH YOU WOULD NEED A LARGER GAP.

 

REMEMBER

            THE SHARPER THE CURB THE MORE TIME IT WILL TAKE TO TURM.

            THE MORE TIME IT TAKES TO TURN THE GREATER THE GAP YOU

WILL NEED.

 


BASIC CONTROL SKILLS FOR LEFT TURNS

 

1.        BEGIN HAND OVER                                                                                                 2.  MOVE THE WHEEL

HAND TURNING WHEN                                                                               ¾ TO A FULL

YOU CAN SIGHT                                                                                            TURN.  THIS WILL

DOWN ALONG THE                                                                                       BE ENOUGH FOR

EDGE OF THE                                                                                                  MOST LEFT TURNS.

INTERSECTING

ROADWAY (OR

CURBING).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.    EVEN THOUGH THE                                                                                  4.  RETURN TO CENTER

       HOOD OF THE CAR                                                                                        STEER AND POSITION

       IS NOT STRAIGHT                                                                                          YOUR CAR IN THE

       IN THE LANE, YOU                                                                                         LANE.

       SHOULD BEGIN

       RECOVERING HERE.

 

 

 

REMEMBER

 

--MOVE INTO THE FARTHEST LANE TO LEFT WHICH IS LAWFULLY OPEN TO TRAFFIC GOING IN

   YOUR DIRECTION.  WHENEVER POSSIBLE, THE TURN SHALL BE MADE TO THE LEFT OF THE

   IMAGINARY CENTER OF THE INTERSECTION.

 

--WHEN THERE IS ONCOMING TRAFFIC, THE TURN SHALL BE MADE TO THE RIGHT OF THE

   IMAGINARY CENTER.  START HAND OVER WHEN THE FRONT OF YOUR CAR APPEARS EVEN WITH

   THE CENTER LINE OF THE INTERSECTING ROADWAY.

 

--WHEN RECOVERING, IF YOU UNWIND TOO FAST OR TOO SOON, YOUR CAR WILL GO TOWARD THE

   RIGHT CURB.  IF YOU UNWIND TOO SLOW OR TOO LATE YOUR CAR WILL VEER TOWARD THE

   ONCOMING LANE.

 

--HOW FAST YOU TURN THE STEERING WHEEL DEPENDS ON THE SPEED OF THE CAR AND THE

   SHARPNESS OF THE TURN.

 

--WHEN RECOVERING, UNWIND SLOWLY AT FIRST THEN MORE RAPIDLY AS YOUR CAR NEARS

   THE STRAIGHT AHEAD ALIGNMENT WITH THE LANE.

 

--THIS MANEUVER IS A COMBINATION OF STEERING, ACCELERATING AND BRAKING.  AS YOU

   INCREASE YOUR ABILITY TO COORDINATE THESE SKILLS THEN IT WILL BE EASTER FOR YOU TO

   TURN A CORNER.

 


BASIC CONTROL SKILLS FOR RIGHT TURNS

 

 

 

1.        YOU BEGIN HAND OVER                                                       2.  MOVE THE STEERING

HAND WHEN THE FRONT                                                           WHEEL ABOUT 1 AND

OF THE CAR APPEARS                                                                 ¼ TURNS.  THE

TO BE EVEN WITH THE                                                               AMOUNT YOU TURM

EDGE OF THE INTER-                                                                                   THE WHEEL WILL

SECTING ROADWAY                                                                                    VARY SLIGHTLY,

(OR CURBING).                                                                               FROM TURN TO TURN.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.        EVEN THOUGH THE HOOD                                                    4.  RETURN TO CENTER

OF THE CAR IS NOT                                                                      STEER AND POSITION

LINED UP WITH THE                                                                                    YOUR CAR IN YOUR

LANE, YOU SHOULD                                                                                     LANE.

BEGIN RECOVERING

HERE.

 

 

 

 

 

REMEMBER

 

                YOU TURN THE STEERING WHEEL WHICH TURNS THE TIRES WHICH CHANGES THE

DIRECTION OF THE CAR.  THIS IS THE REASON YOU START RECOVERING BEFORE

THE HOOD IS LINED UP WITH THE LANE.

 

HOW FAST YOU TURN THE STEERING WHEEL DEPENDS ON THE SPEED OF THE CAR

AND THE SHARPNESS OF THE TURN.

 

WHEN RECOVERING, UNWIND SLOWLY AT FIRST THEN RAPIDLY AS THE CAR

NEARS THE STRAIGHT AHEAD POSITION WITHIN THE LANE.

 

WHEN RECOVERING IF YOU UNWIND TOO FAST OR TOO SOON YOUR CAR WILL GO

TOWARD THE ONCOMING LANE.  IF YOU UNWIND TOO SLOWLY OR TOO LATE YOUR

CAR WILL GO TOWARD THE RIGHT CURB.

 

THIS MANEUVER IS A COMBINATION OF STEERING, ACCELERATING AND BRAKING.

AS YOU INCREASE YOUR ABILITY TO COORDINATE THESE SKILLS THEN IT WILL

BE EASIER FOR YOU TO TURN A CORNER.

 


PUT IT ALL TOGETHER – TURNING MANEUBERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                10. CENTER IN THE LANE

 

  9. SMOOTH ACCELERATION

 

  8. BEGIN RECOVERING

 

  7. STEER AND OVER HAND

 

  6. VISUALIZE INTENDED PATH

 

  5. DETERMINE THE GAP

 

  4. BRAKE TO 15-25 KM/H

                                                                                                                                      (10-15 MPH)

 

  3. SIGNAL 30.5 OR 61 METERS

                                                                                                                                      (100-200ft.)

 

  2. POSITION IN LANE

 

1.        CHECK TRAFFIC

 

 

 

REMEMBER

 

                THIS LIST OF DRIVER ACTIONS TO PERFORM WHILE TURNING IS NOT INTENDED

                TO BE A LIST OF STEPS, JUST SOME OF THE ACTIONS YOU WILL NEED TO PERFORM

                DURING THE ENTIRE PROCESS OF THE TURNING MANEUVER.

 


LAWS THAT APPLY TO LANE CHANGES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OBSERVE THE RIGHT OF WAY LAWS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YOU MUST ALWAYS SIGNAL.                      SOMETIMES IT IS BEST                  PAVEMENT MARKINGS

                                                                                TO USE BOTH METHODS                                CONTROL WHERE YOU

                                                                                OF SIGNALLING.                                               CAN LANE CHANGE.

 

 

REMEMBER

 

                WHEN A LANE ENDS OR THERE IS AN OBJECT IN THE LANE, THE DRIVER OF A VEHICLE

USING THAT LANE SHALL YIELD THE RIGHT OF WAY TO ONCOMING VEHICLES OR

FOLLOWING VEHICLES IN THE ADJOINING LANE.

 

PLAN TO PERFORM YOUR LANE CHANGE WELL IN ADVANCE.  ALWAYS ATTEMPT TO LANE

CHANGE BEFORE YOU GET TO A PART OF THE ROADWAY CONTROLLED BY SOLID LINES.

 

IT IS THE NORMAL EXPECTATION OF MOST DRIVERS THAT OTHER VEHICLES WILL

CONTINUE TO OCCUPY THE LANES IN WHICH THEY ARE TRAVELLING.  A CHANGE OF

LANES MAY VERY WELL COME AS AN UNEXPECTED EVENT TO OTHER DRIVERS IN THE

AREA UNLESS A SIGNAL IS GIVEN.

 


VISUAL HABITS FOR LANE CHANGES

 

YOU NEED TO CHECK TRAFFIC FOR EITHER A RIGHT OR A LEFT LANE CHANGE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                CHECK FORWARD                           CHECK BACKWARD                        CHECK BLINDSPOT

 

 

 

VISUALIZE YOUR INTENDED PATH AND SIGHT DOWN ITS CENTER.

 

 

 

 

 

BE ALERT OF TRAFFIC

 

IN OR NEAR YOUR PATH

 

BEFORE YOU MAKE YOUR

 

BLINDSPOT CHECK.

 

 

REMEMBER

 

                FOR LEFT LANE CHANGES CHECK INSIDE MIRROR, OUTSIDE MIRROR, AND LEFT

BLINDSOPT.

 

FOR RIGHT LANE CHANGES CHECK INSIDE AND RIGHT BLINDSOPT.

 

SOME DRIVERS WILL BEGIN STEERING BEFORE OR WHILE THEY CHECK THEIR BLINDSPOT.

HOLD THE WHEEL STRAIGHT UNTIL AFTER YOU HAVE CHECKED YOUR BLINDSPOT.

 

AIM HIGH AND AHEAD….. 12 SECONDS UP YOUR INTENDED PATH.

 

SIGHT DOWN THE CENTER OF YOUR INTENDED PATH.

 

WHEN YOU CHECK YOUR BLINDSPOT JUST MAKE A QUICK GLANCE OVER YOUR SHOULDER

IN THE DIRECTION YOU PLAN TO MOVE.

 

 


space time for lane changes

 

the closer your auto comes to another car or object the more space and time you will need to steer around it.

 

with a 2 second following distance you won’t use up more than one lane.

 

the gap you select should be at least 4 seconds so you don’t interfere with other traffic.

 

be alert for cars moving into the same lane you are.

 

remember

always keep at least 2 seconds between you and the car ahead.

 

you need at least a 4-second gap in traffic in the lane in which you plan to more.

 

on multiple lane roadways be aware of other traffic moving into the same lane you are.

 

CONTROL SKILS AND PROCEDURES FOR LANE CHANGES

 

RIGHT LANE CHANGE CONTROL SKILLS

1.      center steer

2.      1/8 to the left accelerate slighty

3.      center steer

4.      center steer

5.      1/8 to right

6.      center steer maintain a legal speed

 

PROCEDURE FOR LANE CHANGING

check traffic forward

signal

check mirrors

check blindspot

steer and accelerate

position car in lane

cancel signal

 

-some of the parts of this maneuver will be performed more than once or at the same time as another one.

 

-can you picture what control skills are needed for a left lane change?

 

 

REMEMBER

an error drivers make is to drop their speed when changing lanes.  it should be increased slighty or kept the same.

 

the skills needed for this maneuver are similar to the skills needed for the enter or the leave traffic maneuvers.  the lane change maneuver is more difficult because you do it while moving at higher speeds.

 

the list of driver actions to perform while lane changing is not to be a list of steps.

 

make your lane chane gradual-the car drifts over to the other lane.


CHECLIST FOR 2—4—12 TIMED DISTANCES

Illinois Demo Center Project 2/75

 

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

            Each student will practice at least five trials for each of the timed distances.  You will also be asked to be the time recorder when you are not practicing the timed distances.  The average time of the five trials will be you score.  A stop watch or wristwatch will be used as the timing device.

 

TWO-SECOND FOLLOWING DISTANCE

            The one practicing this timed distance will verbally identify a fixed checkpoint where he/she will start using the counting method described in Unit 3.1.  The one timing and recording will record the number of seconds for each trial.

 

FOUR-SECOND STOPPING ZONE AND TWELVE-SECOND VISUAL LEAD

The student practicing will:

 

1.      Pick a fixed object along roadside which he or she thinks is four or twelve seconds ahead of the car.

2.      When the object is picked tell the time, “START.”

3.      When the object is passed tell the timer, “STOP.”

 

The student recording and timing will:

 

1.      Start and stop the stopwatch when your classmate tells you to.

2.      Read the time, write it in the space provided, and tell the time to your classmate.


CHECK SHEET FOR BASIC MANEUVERS

Illinois Demo Center Project 1/75

 

Driver____________                                     Observer______________

 

INSTRUCTIONS:  Observer uses this check sheet to help the driver remember the procedures.  After two practices of a maneuver the driver should perform it without any help.  Observer place a ( ) on the space provided when driver is correct.  Place a ( ) in space provided when a step is omitted or is not in order.

 

ENTERING TRAFFIC                               LEAVING TRAFFIC

Prepares Car                                                 Signals

Signals                                                                        Check Mirrors

Checks Mirrors                                             Check Blindspot

Checks Blindspot                                          Position 15-30 cm

Positions in Lane                                           Cancels Signal

Cancels Signal                                                           Secures Car

 

LEFT OR RIGHT TURNS                         LANE CHANGES

Check Mirrors                                                           Signal

Signal (30-60 m)                                             Checks Traffic Forward

Position in Proper Lane                                Checks Blindspot

Scans Intersection                                         Accelerates

Speed (0-25 km/h)                                         Positions in Proper Lane

Hand over Hand                                            Maintains Speed of Traffic

Ends in Correct Lane                                               Cancels Signal

Accelerates to Traffic Speed

 

DRIVEWAY TURNABOUT                                  3 POINT TURN

Turns into Driveway                                     Stops Right Side of Roadway

Position Car Properly                                               Signals Left

Foot on Brake                                                            Checks Mirrors

Selects Geer (“R”)                                         Checks Blindspot

Correct Body Position                                              Steers Perpendicular to Left side of roadway

Stops at Sidewalk and /or Curb                   Selector in “R”

Checks and yields to Traffic                                    Checks Traffic

Watches Front and Rear as Car Creeps     Backs to Right Side or roadway

Position in Correct Lane                              Selector “D”

                                                                        Checks Traffic

                                                                        Position in Lane